The journal is using Editorial Manager System for quality in review process. Editorial Manager is an online manuscript submission, review and tracking systems. Review processing is performed by the editorial board members of Journal of Biodiversity Management & Forestry or outside experts; at least two independent reviewers approval followed by editor approval is required for acceptance of any citable manuscript. Authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress through the system, hopefully to publication. Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their opinions to the editor. Editors can manage the whole submission/review/revise/publish process.
Journal of Biodiversity Management & Forestry is organizing & supporting 3rd International Conference on Biodiversity & Sustainable Energy Development during June 24-26, 2014 in Valencia Conference Centre, Spain with the theme of Milestones of innovative scientific research in biodiversity and its allied areas.
A Survey of Attitudes towards Human–Baboon Conflicts in a University Campus in Ethiopia
A study on human-baboon conflicts was conducted by undergraduate researchers in Biology at Arba Minch University (AMU). Its aim was to survey residents in the Main Campus of AMU affected by increasing conflicts between people and olive baboons (Papio anubis). Baboons raid residents housing for food, damage buildings and have been trapped and released in alternate sites in the past. A survey questionnaire with 20 questions was distributed to residents (n=60), the responses coded, and the data statistically analyzed using software STATA 11. The results of the survey have given new insights on baboon conflicts with people in AMU Campus. Most people want issues concerning conflicts with baboon to be dealt with ‘as is where is’ basis and not by getting rid of them. On the other hand, the same majority does not seem to equate baboons with wildlife and don’t believe it is important to conserve them. This perception is probably stems from the nuisance value of baboons, given the threats they pose to human safety and property. In conclusion, an awareness drive is needed to try resolving human-baboon conflicts and achieve human-wildlife coexistence in a rapidly urbanizing Ethiopia.
The Linkages between Plant Species Composition and Soil Microbial Communities: What about Symbiotic Microorganisms within Man-Made Tree Plantations?
Man-made forest systems are usually focused upon the trees and are defined mainly in relation to their capacity to produce timber and prevent catastrophic events such as damage by wind. In recent years, however, there has been a growing awareness amongst plant ecologists and soil microbial ecologists that understanding the connectivity between their study organisms is of utmost importance. The interactions between plants and soil microorganisms are particularly important because plants represent the main pathway through which carbon, the element that severely limits microbial growth, enters into soil. From a reciprocal viewpoint, microbial associations have been pointed as an important strategy to guarantee plant survival under semiarid conditions. However, there are several recent studies that have been carried out on the devastating ecological impact resulting from anthropogenic dispersal of exotic plants.
Influence of Extraction Methods on the Composition of Essential Oils of Achillea millefolium L. from Lithuania
In this study, flowering aerial parts of Achillea millefolium were used as a matrix for supercritical CO2 extraction (SFE) of volatile oil. The collected extracts were analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS methods and their composition were compared with that of the essential oil isolated by hydrodistillation (HD). The composition of the essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation and SFE methods is widely different. Indeed, the SFE volatile oil had a pale yellow color whereas the HD oil had a blue color due to the presence of chamazulene (48.0% vs. 4.3%). Other important constituents of HD oil were (E)- caryophyllene (19.5 %) and γ-muurolene (13.1%). The CO2 supercritical extract was dominated by (E)-caryophyllene (26.0%), γ-muurolene (22.0%), and caryophyllene oxide (8.1%).
Effects of Scarification and Stratification on Germination of Common Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica L.) seeds
Rhamnus cathartica is an invasive shrub from Eurasia. A limited number of investigations have reported on the species’ germination requirements. This study looked at the effects of acid scarification and stratification at different moisture levels on germination. Both scarification and stratification hastened germination and shortened the germination period, but germination rates were significantly reduced with scarification. Moist and wet stratification without scarification yielded the highest germination rates. Results suggest R. cathartica seeds may possess two levels of dormancy. Aside from needed removal from the fruit, the seed coat also appears to promote some level of dormancy given the decreased time to germination after both scarification and stratification.